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Trees Protection During Construction Process

Saturday, March 14, 2015
During construction process, trees suffer the most. The threats to trees include an inadequate construction plan, due to which the existing trees on site are harmed, eventually leading to their decline. The best way to avoid any sort of damage done to the trees is the interest of all parties involved in the upcoming investment process. Trees can be preserved if there is a proper constructional plan, usage of alternative tree friendly equipment, legal documentation and right timing of construction. If the construction takes place within the supervision of tree care experts as well as the investor, the harm can be further reduced.

 

tree care during construction

Construction Process Irregularities

It is a given fact that evergreen trees on a property will make it look prettier, healthier and will also increase the property value. The prestige of a city is well defined by the age and health of the trees growing on it. The health of the tree is essential not only for the environment but also for the health of the citizens. Lately, many cities and the trees within their borders have been suffering from intense damage due to back-to-back constructions. The natural resources directly harmed when a constructional process takes place. The soil is vulnerable to the stress and in turn the plants growing within it get harmed directly and suffer from the decline and eventual death. However, this can be prevented.

When planning the enforcement and implementation of tree protection stages, many administrative obstacles come in the way. This may happens because of the investment party’s lack of knowledge and awareness towards the construction damage to the trees and its effects. Other hurdles include stereotypes and carelessness towards the environment. According to the law of the country, if a tree is being damaged during construction, the party in charge will fall under direct penalty. However, this law is so often overrun. Many people are of the opinion that trees serve only the purpose of visual beauty. Other than that, people who want the trees to be saved do not have the correct knowledge of how to preserve them. Hence, the supervision of a tree expert or tree surgeon is vital.

Construction Site Tree Protection

According to the observation and surveys, two different kinds of approaches towards trees have been seen in the contractors and investors. The first approach is the positive one, which determines the effective protection of the trees falling within the constructional boundary. Steps are taken to minimize constructional stress to the trees and the soil. Result of this is that the trees survive the hard time and eventually grow again without any sign of left over permanent damage.

Then comes the second approach, the negative one. In this method, the contractor and investor carry out the tree protection plan but only as far as its visible to the world. However, the result of this is that the trees suffer from long-term damage and over a period of time it decline or even die. The only way to minimize this is if the international rules of tree protection are followed by all of the parties involved in an investment.

Few proposed rules, duties and recommendations:

  1. Responsibility – it is vital that all parties and stakeholders feel responsible and take on a positive approach
  2. Preparatory Work Time – A proper time is required to prepare planning the protection of the green
  3. Tree Protection Design – Before starting the construction work, a proper tree protection design must be put forward
  4. Technology – contractors must be careful to use the advanced technology that promises lesser damage to the trees
  5. Work Schedule – Work schedule should be designed according to the season, for instance if it is the growing season for the trees in the area, construction should be delayed
  6. Education – If it is possible to protect a tree from damage, it is important to educate all of the parties involved in the construction of the situation. 

Content Sources:

  1. http://mdc.mo.gov/sites/default/files/resources/2010/05/7760_5050.pdf
  2. http://www.seattle.gov/dpd/cs/groups/pan/@pan/documents/web_informational/p2209364.pdf

Why Do Some Trees Fall Down During Storm?

Wednesday, February 25, 2015
When you think of trees, you imagine a beautiful street with trees on both sides, where maybe your kids will ride their bicycle, or you will take your dog out for a walk. Trees are naturally associated with happy memories. What you will not picture is a tree toppling over and causing damage to any house or god-forbid, a human being. However, no matter how big you think is a tree, there can be a chance of it toppling over – tree falling down is an accident that can happen anywhere. However, if you know what it takes something to pull out a tree from its roots, you can prevent this from happening.

Why Do Some Trees Topple During Storm?

The first thing that any tree specialist will say is somewhat unpleasant and harsh, it is: “all trees have the potential of falling down”. However, tree doesn't just fall down without any outer force – these accidents are caused due to heavy storm, snow hail or powerful winds. One phenomenon well known to the specialist is “wind-throw” that uproots a tree and knocks it off. The taller the tree, the more it is susceptible to this phenomenon. Trees have more chance of falling over within an urban landscape – this usually happens when city plan does not allow the roots of the trees to grow as deeper as they need to spread. Second factor is the constructional damage. Because of roots cut and harm done during construction, tree’s roots may become a victim of decay over time – you never know how wilted a tree is underneath the ground until it falls off.

 trees topple

Are All Trees at Equal Risk of Falling Down?

Trees in urban areas, especially those who have at some point become a victim of constrained growth or a constructional damage are more at risk of falling down. Apart from that, there are some species of trees that have higher risk of falling off as well. Some of these species are willow white spruce, cedar and white pine. However, these are victim of the storm also because of having to grow in wet areas. The trees that are at the risk most are the ones that have recently suffered from the phenomenon known as a sudden climate change. When the trees that were a part of a forest loose the support of a rim of trees, they become far more vulnerable to weather hazards such as storms, heavy wind and snowfall.

Is There Any Species That Fall Down the Most?

After the hurricane of 1938, the best database was formed of toppled trees. This extensive survey brought about the results, and they included the fact that white pine and willow are two kinds of trees that are the most at risk of toppling over. Other trees that fell over the most were Amur Maple and Norway Maple, which lost most of their branches.

How Wet a Soil is Harmful?

Continuous heavy rainstorms often lead to the soil getting even softer, hence causing the trees to fall over. However, there isn't a specific percentage of rainfall that may affect tree, and it depends on how deeply rooted the roots are, which in most cases are only at the upper layer of the soil. Hence, you cannot say how heavy a rain will actually affect your tree enough for it to fall down.

Is There Any Prevention to Such Disaster?

Yes, there are a few methods, as told by the specialists, which determine the structure of the tree. Two of these methods are Sonic Tomography and Resistograph Drill Test. Checking the health of a tree’s trunk as well as roots crown can be of help, and so will be checking how high or low the limbs are elevated from above the ground. 

Find more informative articles on trees here.

Content Sources:
  1. http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2012/11/12/why-do-trees-topple-in-a-storm
  2. http://www.forestry.gov.uk/pdf/fcin078.pdf/$FILE/fcin078.pdf
  3. http://warnell.forestry.uga.edu/service/library/index.php3?docID=53

Recognizing and Examining Hazard Trees

Monday, February 09, 2015
Trees are the essential part of our environment that provide a healthy life for living creatures on earth. However, structurally defective trees can cause serious harm to people life and can damage buildings, vehicles, public places and residential properties.

Corrective actions in the form of proper tree planting, watering, tree pruning and mulching should be taken to prevent the structural damages to trees.

Often it happens those entirely harmless trees are removed because the owner believed that they were turning into hazardous trees. Tree risk management’s sole purpose is to eliminate all the risks related to a tree and make it pleasant for the environment rather than a hazard. Knowing the difference between a hazardous tree and a harmless tree is very important.

Following are few of the points to keep in mind while figuring out whether a tree is hazardous or not.

Hazard & Non Hazard Tree

A hazard tree is basically the one that has defects in its very structure and a portion of it or the tree as a whole has the chances of falling down on something or someone of value. It is not very difficult to determine a non-hazard tree. A tree needs to have something in its target distance to be hazardous, which means if there is something below it which may be harmed by its fall. In addition, a tree that has a structural defects, is a defective one and needs to be gotten rid of.

hazard trees 

In order to decide whether a tree needs to be removed or not, you will have to inspect it very systematically. You can start off by using binoculars and observing the top of the tree. After you have carefully examined its crown, move to the trunk and the towards the root zone.

Following are some notable things that you need to look out while examining the tree:

Examining the Crown

  1. The most basic thing to look for at the crown of the tree is any sign of dead branches. Dead branches are very much like accidents that are waiting to happen, and hence need to be removed instantaneously. Chances are, the next time there is even a slightly heavy wind, and the branch will fall off.
  2. While considering hazard trees, do make sure that some tree species are different than others, and while they may appear hazardous, in real they are quite harmless. One such example is of the willow tree.
  3. Some trees have a certain destructive or non-destructive history. The history of a tree tells a lot about its future as well. Do keep that in mind while examining it. Also, keep in mind if there had been any recent storm that might possibly have caused harm to your tree.
  4. If the tree shows sign of decline, it is better to have it removed urgently. Any tree that looks defected beyond repair and is in a place where it may cause harm by falling needs to be taken care of instantly.
  5. If the branches of the tree are rubbing or entwining together, they need to be taken care of. Prune these branches as soon as possible after discovery.
  6. You need to determine the tree’s vigor as wells, while it is rather subjective, many experts are of the opinion that the potential of the tree determines its decline. You can compare your own tree with the other trees of the size and kind and determine if it must to be removed or not.

Examining the Trunk and Roots

If the trunk of your tree is forked, it can be a sign of weakness, especially if the fork is growing rather outwards. These forks can also be infectious; hence will need instant removal. You will also have to look for any kind of sign of decay because they instantly give away the health of the tree. Also, determine if the tree is leaning to one side or not.

tree forks

Last but not the least; examine the tree roots. See if there is any sign of decay in the root area, because it is definitely fatal. Also, you must have to make sure that your tree’s roots are not severed.

Content Sources:

  1. http://www.na.fs.fed.us/spfo/pubs/uf/sotuf/chapter_3/appendix_b/appendixb.htm
  2. http://www.arborday.org/backyardwoods/documents/chapter-04-tips.pdf
  3. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/forestry/publications/pdf_files/ctsphaz.pdf

Keep your Trees Healthy and Secure - Important Things to Keep in Mind

Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Providing shelter from the sun and home to the birds, enhancing the aesthetics of the landscape and producing oxygen; trees are very precious asset. If grown on your property, a healthy tree can increase its value as well. However, there are particular factors you need to be careful about in order to keep your tree healthy and secure. If you are confused about it, make sure you seek help of a tree professional, such as an arborist. Listed below are few things that you can assist you along the way.

Things Bad for Your Trees:

Topping

Topping

Topping is something you must avoid if you want your tree to grow healthy. Topping means removal of large branches right off mature trees. Once a tree is topped, it appears disfigured and can never develop the same again. Also, remember that a topped tree will become more vulnerable to disease. Another thing, to put in your mind, is the fact that when a tree is topped, it will grow back rather quickly and far more densely, hence killing the purpose of topping altogether. Answer to your problem is pruning, which is made to trim the over sized branches, not cut them from the start. Read here to learn why, when and how much pruning is required?

Mechanical Wounds

If the lawn mowers or the grass trimmers accidentally hit the bark of their tree while doing their job, it can cause severe damage. This open wound will eventually become home to fungus and other diseases. If anything like this happens, the best thing, to do, will be to remove sod from the base of the infected tree and put mulch instead. Climbing spikes, which may eventually become infected as well, can also cause wounds.

Compacted Soil


What your tree’s roots require to stay healthy and strong is a healthy soil through which water and minerals can easily be absorbed. However, this becomes impossible when the soil is compacted. Compacted soil cannot be readily penetrated by the air or water, which are two very basic requirements for your tree to grow healthy and strong. Many things are cause of soil compaction, including the city pollution.

Damage Caused by Construction


Construction damage is very common in urban landscape trees. The building foundations, sidewalks, driveways, as well as road excavations, cause such harm. This damage to the tree’s root system is not noticeable in the beginning; however, over a period of years, the loss starts to show as the health of the tree begins to decline. A healthy tree can become fatally injured if care is not provided during construction.

Things That Are Good For Your Trees:

Thinning and Pruning


In contrast to topping, pruning makes your tree grow healthy and strong. Pruning is thinning of the branches of the tree that are growing awkwardly or seem to be infected by some disease. When the tree is well thinned, it also displays a far more beautiful sight and causes not hazardous conditions. Another sign of a well-pruned tree is the fact that it doesn’t really look like it has been pruned; it appears as natural as can be.

Mulching/Drainage


If the soil in which a tree is growing get quickly drains, it is a sign that it is well aerated. If the soil is not draining well enough, it will require aeration. If you vertical mulch the soil, it will encourage water uptake as well as the growth of the roots.

Tree Fertilization & Watering


Watering and fertilizing the soil will help keep your tree healthier and stronger. However, you need to be careful not to over-water the soil, and similarly not overdo the fertilization because it may cause an adverse reaction. Happy tree planting!

Fungal Diseases that Cause Damage to Trees

Tuesday, December 23, 2014
In many cases, tree diseases lead to the loss of aesthetics of the plant that has been affected. However, some of these diseases can cause fatal damage, which may weaken the structure of the tree and eventually lead to more hazardous conditions that may in turn be the cause of property damage and bodily injuries. It is, therefore very important that the tree surgeonsrecognize these conditions and take measures before it is too late. Most of the time, hazardous conditions in the tree are result of fungi. The pattern that is followed is usually as follows:
  1. A wound in the tree may occur due to wind damage, pruning or some lawn-mowing incident.
  2. In this vulnerable wound, fungus may enter the tree and cause discoloration of the wood. It may also result in roots rot directly.
  3. This fungus starts to produce enzymes in abundance, hence leading to further decay of the wood, weakening it to the core.
  4. Due to this, the limbs of the affected tree start to loose strength. Either that or the roots begin to decay. Hence, the very foundation of the tree suffers greatly.
  5. The fungus starts to reproduce in the shape of mushroom and such species. You will finally start seeing the growth of this fungus on all parts of the tree.
  6. Eventually, the larger limbs start to decay and fall off. In case the roots have been affected, the entire tree might fall off with heavy wind or any other such condition.

You may or not be able to realize that a tree is on its move to decline if it starts to show certain symptoms. Such as, branch die back, slowed growth, unusually small leaves, excessive seed set or cone and premature autumn symptoms including leaf coloration.

Once the tree has been affected, there is nothing that can be done to undo the damage. Once the soil is infected, it can never be entirely eliminated from the earth, and a tree needs to be removed instantly. Even, if the tree otherwise appears totally healthy, but some of its branches have fungus growing on them, the branches should be removed immediately.

Types of Fungus Usually Involved:

Armillaria

Armillaria

This kind of fungi often results in root rot as well as shoestring root rot and often appears in a significant variety of hardwoods and conifers. The fungus appears in a fruiting form and can be honey colored mushroom and may keep coming back during autumn.

Ganoderma lucidum

Ganoderma lucidum

Because of this fungus, a unique, shelf-like structure is formed on the wood. On yearly basis, fruiting structure is built, usually in overlapping clusters. These clusters are usually cream to white with reddish brown tops.

Fomes fomentarius

Fomes fomentarius

The fruiting material caused due to this fungus is usually hard and gray toned from the top, hoof-shaped and around 8 inches across. If you check the underside of this hoop, you will find millions of little white pores in which spores grown. This fungus mostly affects apple, cherry, maple and hickory.

Inonotus dryadeus

Inonotus dryadeus

Particularly found on oaks, this fungus may cause rot on butt or root. The most hazardous thing about this disease is that it may lead to sudden toppling of the tree without any pre-symptoms. However, a few things that you may notice in advance are yellowing of the leaves and branch dieback. The root rot starts off before any symptom can be observed on the trunk and branches of the tree.

Ganoderma applanatum

Ganoderma applanatum

Butt rot is caused by this fungus and may take up to years till the tree eventually dies of the disease. However, due to this, tree may become susceptible to wind-throw.

Pruning Young Trees – Why, When and How Much Pruning Required?

Saturday, December 13, 2014

If your tree is growing in an urban landscape, you must provide it proper care. Best plan to do will be to look for a professional, trusted arborist and have him take care of your tree. One prime responsibility you have as a tree owner is getting your trees regularly pruned, especially young trees. Not pruning a young tree will lead to a number of problems, including environmental hazard and eventual decline of your tree. For the longevity and health of your young trees, pruning done in the right way is very important. Following is a short guide to pruning young trees.

Prune Young Trees 

Why Prune Young Trees?

Training a young tree is one of the initial and most important responsibilities of a tree owner.  Following are few of the reasons why it is important:

  1. Trees become structurally stronger by eliminating the dead and hanging branches than any untrained/unpruned tree you will see around. A tree that has a stable structure stand for a long period and has better growth.
  2. If the trees are correctly pruned and trained, they remain intact for long, grow high, and their longevity increased.
  3. If you manage to train/prune your tree with the help of a professional arborist, the maintenance expense can be reduced. Because, the trained mature tree will not require that much care, and there will be lesser chance of decline.

How Much Should I Prune Young Tree?

Mostly, not more than around 25 % of the young tree’s canopy should be removed in a year. However, this varies from tree to tree, and according to the species. With trees that are defected or are very fast growing, more than 25% of pruning may be required. If the tree is large, you can easily reduce its height to 30% as well.

Training and Locating the Tree

Location of the tree is crucial, and its pruning depends a lot on its place as well. You will have to be careful in eliminating the dangerous branches if the tree is growing in a closely spaced community. However, if your tree is growing in a big garden, lesser pruning might be required. The way you will train your tree in accordance with the location is the way it will further grow.

When Should I Prune the Tree?

First of all, you need to know why you are pruning a particular tree, if you know the purpose; you can determine when it is required as well. Most of the people prune during dormancy. When you prune the tree in winter, it grows healthy and beautiful when the spring comes. Prune the tree right before the season kicks, and the buds start to grow as well. In fall, prune the decay from your tree as well, for it might spread and harm the rest of the tree. Many people also prune in order to make their tree more flowery. In that case, seek advice of a tree professional?

Some Young Trees’ Pruning Key Factors

  1. Don’t forget to establish a central leader branch of the tree after proper search. Having a leader branch is vital for training of the tree.
  2. Get rid of all the branches that are broken, diseased, dying, damaged or already broken.
  3. There should always be a lowest permanent branch, which you will have to select carefully and take care of.
  4. While selecting the temporary branches, make sure you choose the branches that are below the lowest one.
  5. Establish the scaffold branches as well and that also after proper search and thorough research. The vertical spacing of these branches should be around eighteen inches. It can be more for the large trees as well.

Read also:

Selecting a Tree Surgeon - Important Points to Keep in Mind

Tuesday, December 02, 2014

Often, tree owners require having some of their trees cut down entirely because of the decline or some fatal disease. Chopping down a tree isn’t an easy job – There are several factors involved and hence, require the right skill and the right techniques. Problem is, finding a tree surgeon isn’t as easy as it sounds – anyone can stand up and claim to be a tree surgeon. Do not only go on a random advertisement in the paper while looking for one – you will have to analyze the person yourself in order to determine if someone is the right person for the job or not.

Following are few important points that you need to keep in mind while selecting a tree surgeon.

tree surgeons sydney

Terms such as “Lopping” & “Topping”

If your tree surgeon starts talking about phrases such a lopping and topping, by all means avoid him. Anyone with the tiniest of knowledge can lop tree a bit off, and it ends up being completely destructive to the tree. Also, any so-called specialist who is using such terms can be a signal of the fact that he has a lack of understanding of trees.

Companies that are “Jack of All Trades”

Browsing through the Internet or going through the newspaper, if you come up with any company that claims to be expert in everything, starting from patio cleaning to gardening, fencing and what not, avoid it. You don’t want to go for people or companies who are jack-of-all-trades but master of none. Tree surgeon needs to be a specialist and usually you won’t find that person under a roof that offers everything you can imagine.

The “Local” Tree Surgeon

While your local tree surgeon might be a good one, it cannot be guaranteed, and there is no need for you to trust him blindly. It might sound like a handy phrase, but there can be fraud involved with it. For instance, if a person has given a landline number, you can get it checked and hence trust him. Also, be careful about confusing names; don’t trust companies with names such as “Four Seasons”, etc. Absolutely not it means that this is a false company but it might not be easy tracking it down if there isn’t an address or landline number and just a weird name.

Cell Numbers

Through these days, most of the advertisements give away their cell numbers; it isn’t a very reliable sign. You can wholly trust a person who gives away his landline number, but cell number sounds fishy. However, you can always track down the background and authenticity of the person providing the services .

Leaflets & Cash Up Front

Although it is always a great idea to advertise your services through leaflet, but when it comes to something as complicated as a tree surgery, you might want to reconsider hiring someone off a flying flier. Most of the time, these leaflets give away no proper phone numbers or addresses hence can be utterly unreliable.

As far as cash is concerned, cash up front is off the table. As tree surgeons do not require any kind of pre-procedure investment and have their tools with them all the time, there is absolutely no reason for them to ask for cash up front. You should only pay the full amount when the work has been done and you are completely satisfied with it.

As mentioned before, finding a tree surgeon or professional tree service company is not like a little job as it may sound – tree surgery is a very complicated procedure and requires the hands of only tree expert. Hence, make sure you hire the right person at the right time and for the right job.

Pleached Trees - Adding Elegance to Your Gardens

Wednesday, November 26, 2014

Pleaching is considered as the touch of art in molding the nature according to one’s own perspective. Pleached trees have decorated the gardens of men for ages; it is something that was once the glory of the empire states, and today is a modern fashion statement. Pleaching a tree is basically training it into particular shape and style of growth. Pleached trees have been famous since the Victorian era. Nature lovers have played around and designed trees for centuries. If you love gardening and have a pinch of artistic juice in your soul, make the most of it by designing the trees in your garden. When properly done, it leads to stunning views. You can develop your tree into a peace sign or your favorite animal. You can train your tree to grow in certain shapes, which can be circular to triangular and even pentagon. Pleaching is an art that was once lost in time – however, the trend has awoken among gardeners once again as of recent years.

Pleached Trees 

Including Pleached Trees In Design

If you aspire to add elegance to your garden by putting pleached trees in the design, there are particular points that you will have to keep in mind before making up your mind. First of all, you should acknowledge that a pleached tree would need a lot taking care of. It will require regular pruning in order to sustain the shape and size. If you are opting for typical specimen trees, there will be little ongoing maintenance requires. However, high quality pleached tree will need more care and special techniques for maintenance, which only a professional tree care provider plus designer can provide. Pleach is available in several sizes and shapes. If you are planning to start off from the very beginning, you can get the tree pleached from the trunk as well.

Customized Pleaching & Ready to Go Trees

If you want a customized tree, you might want to begin from scratch, however ready to go pleached trees in different shapes and sizes are also available in the market. Apart from appropriate trees, there are also designed and shaped hedges available, which you can grow on the sides of your garden, say of various forms such as a spade, heart or a club! Define your own artistic sense by creating the ambiance of your garden with this latest trend.  It is imperative to put in mind how your hedges/trees will look from ten to twenty years from the day you are starting to pleach them. Because, once you train a tree into a particular shape, it cannot be changed. Do proper research and know your requirements before opting for a certain form, for it will explain your fashion statement forever.

Choosing the Trees

Selecting trees also depends on what you are opting for: a large tree or a sapling. You can get trees from the market that are ready to be taken home and trained in a particular shape. Make sure the trees you select are upright and are all of almost the same girth. One advantage of having your own tree pleached from the beginning is that you can also control the size of its trunk. The pleached trees will also require a strong leader tree, especially the young ones. A good ready to go tree will have no large branches in site because nurseries will already have had them removed.

A Few Tips

Once you are preparing to plant your tree, make certain you empty a hole that is twice the size of your tree’s root balls. Plant a tree with a good stake, which is strong and also long. Make sure there is a proper distance of around 2 – 4m between the trees.

Executing a Preventive Pruning Program - Structural Pruning

Sunday, November 16, 2014

While trees that are planted in an urban landscape have several benefits, they are also at a higher risk of damage than the trees growing in a natural habitat. Apart from that, when a tree breaks own, it can cause significant damage to the community and its habitats. In order to decrease this damage to the tree and its surroundings, people opt for proper pruning plans. Executing a preventive pruning program can be easy if you know where to start. Following are few of the things you need to keep in mind while setting out your plan.

Fine Pruning Cuts

fine pruning cuts 

In arboricultural pruning, there are generally three kinds of cuts that are made. These are reduction cuts, heading cuts and branch removal cuts. The most preferred of these cuts are the removal ones, because they enable the protection zone to stay still intact after the pruning has been done. The minimum or maximum diameter of the pruning should be determined in advance. Also make certain you know the correct size of all the parts that require cutting.

Read: Reasons Why People Need Pruning of Trees

Using the Right Pruning Methods

There are different methods of pruning for various trees. For instance, the process of pruning a young tree will be very different from the procedure of aged tree pruning. When trees get mature, it becomes difficult to make any sort of radical changes. Therefore, it is always a good idea to foresee where you see your young tree standing years from now on, and planning pruning in advance. If you require a sound structure, you will have to lay foundations of one when the tree is still nascent. However, while opting for prevention pruning of mature trees, following strategies can be used:

  1. Raising the canopy where you think it is required.
  2. Reducing the hazardous condition by minimizing the weight of the tree where it is needed.
  3. Maintenance of smaller diameter interior branches so that the vigor and health remains.

All these strategies can be successfully achieved by structural pruning, thinning, cleaning, balancing as well as reducing. Some other very efficient tactics include restoration pruning, palm pruning and root pruning. Here we discuss the strategy of pruning for structure and rest of the techniques will be discussed in our upcoming pruning guides.

pruning of mature trees

Structural Pruning

In order to influence the overall spacing, orientation and growth rate of a tree, including size of the branches and strength of attachment, structural pruning is used. Structural pruning help manage a sustainable trunk as well as the arrangement of branches in a proper way on small as well as medium-sized trees. Once a young tree has been properly pruned, it will grow healthy and will help in benefiting the environment around it. Young pruned trees are more likely to provide better services to the whole landscape than the mature trees that lack in structure and mechanism. Also, if you opt for pruning after the tree has reached its maturing age can make the entire process a lot more complicated as well.

Structural pruning can be very useful in maturing trees of large sizes, such as oaks and maples. This way, you will be capable of reducing the defects of the tree, keep its trunk shorter and maintain its branches. This way, your tree will grow better and healthy, and future hazardous conditions will be avoided in terms of landscape damage. However, do find out if it is OK to prune a mature tree or not, because if it isn’t, pruning can be fatal for your tree.

Structural Pruning

Structural pruning helps in reducing branches or stems that are competing with the main tree trunk. Pruning cuts of up to 5-6 inches is recommended for the trees that resist decay and cuts of up to 1-3 inches for trees that are inclined to decay. At least, structural pruning once in a year or twice within 2-3 years on young trees is recommended to avoid any later defects, unexpectedly falling, or failure in storms.

Removal of codominant stems can be summarized as structural pruning where four procedures are highly recommended.

  1. The first procedure is the removal of the decaying, dead, diseased or broken branches.
  2. The second procedure is the selection and development of dominant tree trunk. Usually, it took several years of pruning to develop a dominant leader in young trees and for the aged trees select the one that is already established.
  3. The third procedure is maintaining the lowest stable limb by reducing the sizes of lower vigorous branches. The height of a limb is determined by the desired purpose of the tree and location.
  4. The fourth procedure is the selection of scaffold limbs by removing dependent branches or stems. The selection of scaffold limbs took several years and depended on the location, climate and type of a tree. Scaffold tree limbs can be found over the lowest enduring limb and offer a base where to construct the everlasting crown.

Scaffold tree limbs

Tree Owner’s Legal Rights and Obligations

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

As a part of real estate, many among us are also owners of trees. With this ownership come some sets of rules associated with those particular trees. Owning trees doesn’t mean you will never have to do anything further about it – there are several obligations and duties tied to this ownership. Following are some points that will assist you in understanding the tree owning legal rights and obligations.

Whose Tree is it Exactly?

In order to determine if a tree comes under your ownership, you will have to ascertain few things such as if it was you who planted the tree, or a previous owner of the estate did? Another important thing to consider will be if the trunk of the tree is positioned entirely within your property or not. The trees that grow on their own also naturally come under the ownership of the person who owns the land they are growing on. If the tree lies on the boundary of two estates, then the owners will be joint owners of that particular tree. Because of this, neither of the owners has the right to remove the tree without complete consent of the other owners.

Neighboring Landowners

If you tree’s bark is well within your property’s boundary, but its branches are growing long and are entering the neighbor’s property, they have the right to trim the tree till the property line. However, while trimming your tree, the neighbor is in no way allowed to harm your tree. If any damage has been created to your tree during this act, actions can be taken against your neighbor, for it will be in clear violation of tree rights, and your ownership rights.

The Rights of the Owner & Utility Company

Our legal rights connected with trees restrict breach claims and offend about tree pruning, clipping or removing trees that stretch ahead property or land perimeters, particularly lean upon easements for utility lines and streets. No one can remove, cut or trim your trees and do any sort of damage within the boundaries of your property as stated in the trespass law.

Sometimes your tree can cause nuisance due to its harm to utility lines and adjoining properties. In this instance, you are obliged to cut and trim down your tree so that the loss can be prevented.

Many instances make it evident that a landowner’s responsibility in trees is subservient to a public utility company’s equity to eliminate and cut trees or shrubs that impede with the essential practical process of the utility. The right of the citizens to obtain the advantages general public utility supply supersedes the legal rights of property owners to possess trees situated on their land unharmed.

The Responsibility of the Tree Owner

The person on whose estate the tree is growing will naturally be responsible for the care of that particular tree and will be held responsible for any negligence.

A landowner with helpful or real awareness of a faulty state of a tree is accountable for the harms, damage or life loss brought on by that tree or not taken any step to solve that particular problem.

Tree proprietors in city areas have an obligation to analyze every single tree on the property to find out danger trees or shrubs and get them eliminated. In rural locations, there is certainly no duty to examine natural trees, but once you discover or should have revealed dangerous trees are present, obligation has kept for natural trees in these types of places.

Subsequently, it is the duty of the landowner to hold frequent thorough check of trees and take care of any difficulty that might appear.

There is one particular thing known as the “Acts of God” in which case the owner will not be held responsible for the tree’s decline. Acts of God are the hazardous conditions caused by nature that may lead to the death of the tree. Suppose in a cyclone or storm, if the tree falls of and damages neighboring property or utility lines, the owner is not held responsible. In this case, the community management will settle down any kind of damage that has been caused.