While trees that are planted in an urban landscape have several benefits, they are also at a higher risk of damage than the trees growing in a natural habitat. Apart from that, when a tree breaks own, it can cause significant damage to the community and its habitats. In order to decrease this damage to the tree and its surroundings, people opt for proper pruning plans. Executing a preventive pruning program can be easy if you know where to start. Following are few of the things you need to keep in mind while setting out your plan.
Fine Pruning Cuts
In arboricultural pruning, there are generally three kinds of cuts that are made. These are reduction cuts, heading cuts and branch removal cuts. The most preferred of these cuts are the removal ones, because they enable the protection zone to stay still intact after the pruning has been done. The minimum or maximum diameter of the pruning should be determined in advance. Also make certain you know the correct size of all the parts that require cutting.
Using the Right Pruning Methods
There are different methods of pruning for various trees. For instance, the process of pruning a young tree will be very different from the procedure of aged tree pruning. When trees get mature, it becomes difficult to make any sort of radical changes. Therefore, it is always a good idea to foresee where you see your young tree standing years from now on, and planning pruning in advance. If you require a sound structure, you will have to lay foundations of one when the tree is still nascent. However, while opting for prevention pruning of mature trees, following strategies can be used:
- Raising the canopy where you think it is required.
- Reducing the hazardous condition by minimizing the weight of the tree where it is needed.
- Maintenance of smaller diameter interior branches so that the vigor and health remains.
All these strategies can be successfully achieved by structural pruning, thinning, cleaning, balancing as well as reducing. Some other very efficient tactics include restoration pruning, palm pruning and root pruning. Here we discuss the strategy of pruning for structure and rest of the techniques will be discussed in our upcoming pruning guides.
In order to influence the overall spacing, orientation and growth rate of a tree, including size of the branches and strength of attachment, structural pruning is used. Structural pruning help manage a sustainable trunk as well as the arrangement of branches in a proper way on small as well as medium-sized trees. Once a young tree has been properly pruned, it will grow healthy and will help in benefiting the environment around it. Young pruned trees are more likely to provide better services to the whole landscape than the mature trees that lack in structure and mechanism. Also, if you opt for pruning after the tree has reached its maturing age can make the entire process a lot more complicated as well.
Structural pruning can be very useful in maturing trees of large sizes, such as oaks and maples. This way, you will be capable of reducing the defects of the tree, keep its trunk shorter and maintain its branches. This way, your tree will grow better and healthy, and future hazardous conditions will be avoided in terms of landscape damage. However, do find out if it is OK to prune a mature tree or not, because if it isn’t, pruning can be fatal for your tree.
Structural pruning helps in reducing branches or stems that are competing with the main tree trunk. Pruning cuts of up to 5-6 inches is recommended for the trees that resist decay and cuts of up to 1-3 inches for trees that are inclined to decay. At least, structural pruning once in a year or twice within 2-3 years on young trees is recommended to avoid any later defects, unexpectedly falling, or failure in storms.
Removal of codominant stems can be summarized as structural pruning where four procedures are highly recommended.
- The first procedure is the removal of the decaying, dead, diseased or broken branches.
- The second procedure is the selection and development of dominant tree trunk. Usually, it took several years of pruning to develop a dominant leader in young trees and for the aged trees select the one that is already established.
- The third procedure is maintaining the lowest stable limb by reducing the sizes of lower vigorous branches. The height of a limb is determined by the desired purpose of the tree and location.
- The fourth procedure is the selection of scaffold limbs by removing dependent branches or stems. The selection of scaffold limbs took several years and depended on the location, climate and type of a tree. Scaffold tree limbs can be found over the lowest enduring limb and offer a base where to construct the everlasting crown.