Pruning landscape trees on a regular basis helps it to grow better, empowers its structural strength and is essential for its good health, not to forget that the process enhances its beauty as well. Landscape trees not only provide value to the property or make our homes beautiful rather they improve the entire environment. However, following are some of the signs that enable you to know that it is time to prune the tree.
- When branches start to show signs of weak union, they are crossed or have any other visible defect
- The branches have started to wither and die or decay
- The branches are falling flat and are interfering with people and passing traffic
- The branches have started intertwining with the wires and entering insides of a house
- The storm has caused damage to the limbs
- The tree has grown way too large for the landscape to bear and may cause damage to property or people life
If the pruning involves just the trimming of dead branches and other simple tasks like that, anyone can easily do that. However, when the tree is young and needs proper care and training, it is always advisable to get a professional arborist involved. They are trained in climbing trees, using tree pruning tools, working with trees grown on electric wires and similar all other hazardous activities. A proper pruning is quite a complicated task but a valuable investment.
Different Types of Pruning Cuts and Tree Toppings
There are several kinds of pruning cuts, and those are mentioned below:
- Thinning Cut: a thinning or reduction cut basically shortens a lateral branch’s limb so that the growth of pruned limb can be resumed.
- Heading Cut: a heading cut done when there is a need of trimming a branch back to the bud. These cuts only used in shaping flowering plants and pollarding trees.
- Stub Cut: a stub cut is similar to the heading cut; however, it’s made on a point where no branch or bud exists.
It is a common belief that topping of the trees should not be done by heading or stub cuts for many different reasons. One reason is that topping will reduce tree ability to produce food and make it defenseless to diseases and insects attacks. It can also lead to long-term shock and decline of the tree.
Training Young Trees & Pruning the Mature
Pruning of a young tree always helps in developing tree stronger and healthier, but it is necessary to consider its proper future growth and natural form. Extra time spent on thoughtful pruning will reduce your time, effort and cost on mature trees.
Newly planted trees should be pruned less for first two years so that it can gain its balance and can easily produce food for tree branches, trunk and roots. Remove any broken branches for one dominant tree trunk. Examine the planted tree closely again after two or three years to remove any suckers and malformed branches. Evaluate the young tree from all sides to keep the healthy branches for lifetime.
Training of a young tree also depends on its type, since the branches and trunks of all trees vary. Little time spent to planned out pruning of a young tree will bear fruit for the rest of its life, hence keep in mind the tree’s safety, health, shape and structure. However, the assistance of a tree professional is very important to determine its current or future growth.
When it comes to mature and older trees, most often they don’t even need pruning. Some might require pruning after 5 – 10 years. The need for pruning can be well reduced if you plant the right type of tree according to its requirements. Pruning of mature trees should be done for some specific purpose only so that its natural ability to produce food can't be reduced.
Choose a Tree Care Professional or Reliable Tree Company?
When you want your young or mature tree pruned, you will need to hire a reputable, as well as reliable tree service company. Make sure you don’t hire a random person with a chainsaw. Most often, the recovery from a poor pruning of the tree is impossible, so keep the phrase, “you get what you spent for” in your mind always.
When the trees grow too big and eventually get trapped in utility wires, they need special care of tree experts. Only hire trained tree trimmers for this particular line clearance job as they are permitted to carry out work close to utility wires. If your find your tree gets into such a situation, make sure you hire the appropriate tree professional for the job to avoid any further destruction of the wires and your tree.
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