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Pruning Young Trees – Why, When and How Much Pruning Required?

Saturday, December 13, 2014

If your tree is growing in an urban landscape, you must provide it proper care. Best plan to do will be to look for a professional, trusted arborist and have him take care of your tree. One prime responsibility you have as a tree owner is getting your trees regularly pruned, especially young trees. Not pruning a young tree will lead to a number of problems, including environmental hazard and eventual decline of your tree. For the longevity and health of your young trees, pruning done in the right way is very important. Following is a short guide to pruning young trees.

Prune Young Trees 

Why Prune Young Trees?

Training a young tree is one of the initial and most important responsibilities of a tree owner.  Following are few of the reasons why it is important:

  1. Trees become structurally stronger by eliminating the dead and hanging branches than any untrained/unpruned tree you will see around. A tree that has a stable structure stand for a long period and has better growth.
  2. If the trees are correctly pruned and trained, they remain intact for long, grow high, and their longevity increased.
  3. If you manage to train/prune your tree with the help of a professional arborist, the maintenance expense can be reduced. Because, the trained mature tree will not require that much care, and there will be lesser chance of decline.

How Much Should I Prune Young Tree?

Mostly, not more than around 25 % of the young tree’s canopy should be removed in a year. However, this varies from tree to tree, and according to the species. With trees that are defected or are very fast growing, more than 25% of pruning may be required. If the tree is large, you can easily reduce its height to 30% as well.

Training and Locating the Tree

Location of the tree is crucial, and its pruning depends a lot on its place as well. You will have to be careful in eliminating the dangerous branches if the tree is growing in a closely spaced community. However, if your tree is growing in a big garden, lesser pruning might be required. The way you will train your tree in accordance with the location is the way it will further grow.

When Should I Prune the Tree?

First of all, you need to know why you are pruning a particular tree, if you know the purpose; you can determine when it is required as well. Most of the people prune during dormancy. When you prune the tree in winter, it grows healthy and beautiful when the spring comes. Prune the tree right before the season kicks, and the buds start to grow as well. In fall, prune the decay from your tree as well, for it might spread and harm the rest of the tree. Many people also prune in order to make their tree more flowery. In that case, seek advice of a tree professional?

Some Young Trees’ Pruning Key Factors

  1. Don’t forget to establish a central leader branch of the tree after proper search. Having a leader branch is vital for training of the tree.
  2. Get rid of all the branches that are broken, diseased, dying, damaged or already broken.
  3. There should always be a lowest permanent branch, which you will have to select carefully and take care of.
  4. While selecting the temporary branches, make sure you choose the branches that are below the lowest one.
  5. Establish the scaffold branches as well and that also after proper search and thorough research. The vertical spacing of these branches should be around eighteen inches. It can be more for the large trees as well.

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